Located on the West coast of Southern Africa, Angola was under colonial rule until November 11, 1975, date on which it became an independent nation. It extends over an area of 1,246,700 Km2.

The country is divided into 18 provinces, being Luanda the capital. With a total of 4,837 Km long borderline, Angola is bordered with Congo-Brazzaville at the Northern province of Cabinda, the Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaïre) to the North and East, Zambia to the East, and Namibia to the South.

Angola has an Atlantic Ocean coastline of 1,650 Km long. The country’s major ports include Luanda, Lobito, and Namibe. The country’s highest peak is Mount Moco, 2,620 m high, located in Huambo province. With a privileged continental hydrographic system, Angola’s main rivers are Kwanza, Záire, Cunene, and Cubango. Kwanza (Kz) is national currency.


Population 11,177,537 (July 1999 est.)
Hope of Life Men 45 years; Women 48 years
Age structure 0-14 years: 45% (male 2,545,006; female 2,473,732)
15-64 years: 52% (male 2,938,178; female 2,909,844)
65 years and over: 3% (male 143,074; female 167,703) (1999 est.)
Population growth rate 2.84% (1999 est.)
Birth rate 43.11 births/1,000 Population (1999 est.)
Death rate 16.35 deaths/1,000 Population (1999 est.)
Net migration rate 1.6 migrants)/1,000 Population (1999 est.)
Sex ratio At birth: 1.05 males)/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 males)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 males)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 males)/female
Total Population 1.01 males)/female (1999 est.)
Nationality Noun: Angolans
Adjective: Angolan
Ethnic groups Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and Native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%
Religions indigenous beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (1998 est.)
Languages Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages
Iteracy Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total Population 42%
Male: 56%
female: 28% ((1998 est.)
Infant mortality rate 129.19 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)
Life expectancy at birth Total Population: 48.39 years
Male: 46.08 years
Female: 50.82 years (1999 est.)
Total fertility rate 6.12 children born/woman (1999 est.)

Useful information

Airports Angola has an excellent airport system covering the entire country. The system is open to international traffic through 4 de Fevereiro International Airport in Luanda.
Customs Upon arrival at Luanda, the passenger may choose either the green route, if he or she has nothing to declare, or the red route if he or she carries items subject to customs fees. Items for personal effects are tax free.
Health A vaccination certificate for yellow fever is required to enter the country. Well equipped clinics are available for visitors requiring immediate health care.
Driver’s License An international and local driver’s license is required to drive in the country.
Languages Portuguese is the official language.
Visa Info Visas To enter Angola visitors must obtain a visa at the country of origin’s Angolan consular office. A passport size picture, a valid passport, and a completed application form must be submitted.
Telephones A land system operator and two cellular phone operators exist in the country, enabling easy domestic and international calls.
Time The time, GMT/UTC, is unchanged throughout the year.